Are you aware of Otosclerosis? It is a health condition where in there is an abnormal growth of the bone near the middle ear. It can lead to hearing loss.
Otosclerosis affects about 1 or 2 people in India out of every 100. It has been observed to develop in people between the age groups of about 15 to 35 years. It may however sometimes develop in young children as well. It is a problem which causes gradual hearing loss. The treatment of the condition includes hearing aid devices and surgery. In India this problem is common in Tamil Nadu in the south and also in the eastern states like Odisha and West Bengal. It is a common cause of hearing loss and can easily be treated effectively with simple surgery.
Otosclerosis: How it gradually leads to hearing loss?
Otosclerosis is a condition that affects the stapes, one of the tiny bony ossicles in the middle ear. If you are to hear normally then these ossicles need to move freely in response to sound waves. With Otosclerosis the abnormal bone materials grows in or around the stapes. The foot of the stapes, where it attaches to the cochlea, is usually where the condition starts. Gradually with the passage of time, more and more of the stapes becomes affected. The abnormal bone growth restricts the movement of the stapes. This in turn reduces the amount of sound which is normally transferred to the cochlea. As a result of the condition either both ears or even one can get affected.
Causes of Otosclerosis
The exact cause of the condition is not known. Genetic causes may be a probable cause. Other reasons may be viral infections like measles may also trigger the condition. Bone is continually being broken down and remodeled. It is when the remodeling process of the stapes becomes faculty that the problem occurs. New bone is not created properly, which results in the formation of abnormal ones.
Symptoms of Otosclerosis
The main symptom of this condition is hearing loss. Other symptoms include the development of Tinnitus. This is an abnormal noise which you hear but it does not come from outside the ear. The kind of noises you tend to hear may be ringing, whistles, roaring, machine type noises, etc.
Another condition which is common is called Paracusis. In this you would hear background noise especially when in public places.
Vertigo and balance problems are other conditions which result as a of Otosclerosis. This happens when the balance mechanism in the cochlea gets affected.
To begin in the initial stages no treatment as such is required. But gradually as the disease progresses and hearing loss gets worse hearing aid devices in most cases is helpful. But as the disease becomes very severe even hearing aid devices may not help. In such cases a surgery becomes necessary. The surgery to treat the problem is known as Stapedectomy.
This is a simple surgery which is done entirely through the ear. It requires no external cuts or scars. With successful the entire hearing loss causes should get rectified.
In conclusion, we hope that the information provided above will help you. In case you are looking for hearing loss related treatments you must visit us at Bengal Speech. We are a leading Hearing Loss treatment clinic offering the best treatment in the field. For details visit our website.